ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT UNIT

ECO-DESIGN IN R&D PROJECTS THROUGH LIFE CYCLE THINKING

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a tool for evaluating the environmental impacts of a product or a process. LCA methodology, ruled by the ISO 14040 and 14044 standards, consists of identifying and quantifying the flows (raw materials, greenhouse gas emissions…) exchanged between the environment and the system on its entire life cycle (from raw materials extraction to waste treatment) and translating these flows into impacts on indicators such as global warming, resource consumption, eutrophication, human health…

BENEFITS OF THE LCA APPROACH

  • Validate the presupposed greenness of the innovation project
  • Quantify and optimize the environmental benefits
  • Identify hotspots in order to focus eco-design efforts where they are most relevant
  • Help companies in their eco-design approach

LCA, A REAL TOOL FOR ECO-DESIGNING INNOVATION IN R&D

A project on bio-based insulating materials made of flax by-products was the first one in Materia Nova to benefit from the LCA approach. The LCA study led to identify the process steps to optimize in order to minimize the environmental footprint of the products under development. This approach was then used in an increasing number of projects.

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PAST AND PRESENT STUDIES

  • Cellulose nanocrystals extraction with ionic liquids
  • Flax-based insulating materials
  • Polylactide production process   InnoREX FP7 project
  • Antifouling paints   BYEFOULING FP7 project
  • CrVI-free surface treatments
  • Plasma-assisted conversion of CO2
  • Bio-based paints
  • and more…
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CONTACT

Olivier Talon
Scientific Leader

COMMUNICATIONS